Insulin is secreted by the pancreas of a non-diabetic person, at a rate of approximately 20 to 30 units per day and is released perfectly timed with the absorption of food. In the 1950’s medical researchers discovered resistance to insulin at a cellular level and hence type 2 diabetes was born… this is where, although there is ample insulin in your bloodstream, your cells no longer respond to your body’s insulin.
Although manufactured insulin is an everyday necessity for people with type 1 diabetes, supplemental insulin is not used so often in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Insulin treatment usually begins for type 2 diabetics when hypoglycemic medications have lost their ability to control blood sugars. Your health care provider may suggest you need supplemental or injectable insulin when, in spite of following a low-GI eating plan, regular exercise and oral medications, your blood sugar levels and HbA1c levels are well out of your target range.
In a small percentage of people, right from the time of diagnosis of type 2, supplemental insulin may be recommended. Information from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) shows approximately Reversirol 12% of people with type 2 take both insulin and oral medications and 19% take insulin only.
If the thought of giving yourself insulin is frightening, it is then best to remember it is much wiser to always have good control with insulin rather than develop any diabetic complications. The benefits will far outweigh the cost to your health if you are at a stage where control can no longer be maintained with oral hypoglycemic medications, diet and exercise.
As we age our pancreas slows down it’s production of insulin, therefore it is estimated up to 50% of people with type 2 diabetes will end up needing injectable manufactured insulin.
The aim of manufactured insulin is to achieve the best match between the amount of insulin given and your insulin need throughout the 24 hour day. By copying your body’s normal insulin pattern, hopefully your blood sugar levels are likely to be within your target range.
Manufactured insulin can either be from human or animal source. The composition of animal insulin differs slightly from natural insulin, but this does not affect its action in people with diabetes.
When recommending insulin therapy, your health care provider will consider various factors. These include:
- your overall health
- treatment goals
- eating plan, and
- risk of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar levels.
Your health care provider will discuss with you the best insulin plan to suit your needs. He might have several medical therapies at his fingertips but he will need to rely on his clinical experience and current research when selecting your medication. Your regimen may also change over time depending on certain circumstances, such as developing serious diseases and changes in your lifestyle such as a new exercise plan.